Disaster Nursing Development of a Center of Excellence for Disaster Nursing in a Ubiquitous Society Information Base for Disaster Nursing Knowledge and Skills to Protect Lives
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University of Hyogo, Graduate School of Nursing
The 21st Century Center of Excellence Program
Useful Manuals:Tips on Health Care Volunteer Activities
Approach to Disaster Area
For disaster preparedness phase For emergency phase ery restoration phase

Assessment of Devastation

1)Situation of Disaster Area

(1)Local characteristics of the disaster area

urban or rural area, transportation, social infrastructures, etc.

(2)Characteristics of residents of the disaster area

age distribution, networks among residents, inhabitants organization, residents’ mentality, etc.

(3)Type and scale of the disaster

(4)Extent of damage

human and property damage, damage to utility lifelines, etc.

(5)Living environment

security of privacy, etc.

(6)Hygienic conditions

cleaning, ventilation, availability of drinking water, toilets, etc.

(7)Medical needs

first aid treatment, chronic illnesses, infectious diseases, mental care, etc.

(8)Health and welfare services available

adult day-care centers, home helper stations, vocational aid centers, etc.

(9)Contents and status of distribution

to what extent foods, water and other daily necessaries are supplied

(10)A base / the location of public health practice to have jurisdiction over a disaster area

2)Condition of Disaster Victims

(1)Family members

check whether each disaster victim lives alone or with other family members and if they have any relatives

(2)Living conditions

diet, sleep, job, mental support [purpose in life, hobbies, pets, etc.], etc.

(3)Living environment of disaster victims

home, evacuation center, changes from before the disaster

(4)Health conditions

need for medical care, chronic disease management, etc.

(5)Neighborly relationship

(6)Status of use of social infrastructures

nursing-care insurance・welfare services, etc.:day-care centers, functional training, rehabilitation for disabled children etc.

(7)Feelings and sentiments

anxiety about the future, fear, things lost (home, family, etc.)

(8)Identify vulnerable populations

・Vulnerability due to the target’s attributes Infants, pregnant women, elderly persons, disabled persons, elderly persons living alone, persons in need of nursing care, foreigners without Japanese ability
・Vulnerability due to illnesses Those heavily dependent on medical care such as those with intractable diseases, those bedridden, those with psychiatric disorders, chronic illnesses, tuberculosis, dementia, or persons on artificial respiration or oxygen therapy at home
Information Base for Disaster Nursing Knowledge and Skills to Protect Lives
Useful manuals
Disaster phase
Useful manuals Tips on Nursing Volunteer Activities
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